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John Castle at Nolato PPT

John Castle


EMC shielding products

An extensive range of radio frequency and electromagnetic interference (RF and EMI) screening products such as shielded windows, vents and gaskets that can be completely customised for your needs.

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Nolato EMC FAQ

How does magnetic shielding work?

When magnetic lines of flux encounter high permeability material, the magnetic forces are both absorbed by the material and redirected away from their target.

The most effective shields are constructed as enclosures such as boxes or cylinders with cap ends. The field follows the line of the enclosure so an enclosed shape keeps stray fields from finding gaps that could cause unintended interference.

What causes a magnetic field?

Most magnetic fields are man-made. They are found in solenoids, bar magnets and some motors and transformers. Magnetic fields are used in creative ways to create sound, microscopic images and record resonance images through MRI technology. In some cases, however, the fields interfere with sensitive electronic equipment and shielding is necessary.

What is electromagnetic interference?

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) is electromagnetic energy that has an adverse effect on the performance of electrical/electronic equipment by creating undesirable responses or complete operational failure.

What is electromagnetic compatibility?

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is the ability of electrical or electronic equipment/systems to function in the intended operating environment without causing or experiencing performance degradation due to unintentional EMI.

Why do electromagnetic fields need magnetic shielding?

EMI can be a problem for designers of many products. If we use mobile phones as an example, designers have to incorporate RFI shielding to stop unwanted RF emissions as well as to prevent other electrical equipment from interfering with the mobile phone operation. Designers may find that densely packed electronic assemblies may have internal components that interfere with each other, requiring electromagnetic shielding. When the EMI includes low frequency radiation, magnetic shielding is essential to assure proper operation of the electronic equipment.

What blocks magnetic fields?

There is no known material that blocks magnetic fields without it being attracted to the magnetic force. Magnetic fields can only be redirected, not created or removed. To do this, high-permeability shielding alloys are used. The magnetic field lines are strongly attracted into the shielding material.

Why must we achieve EMC?

Other than the fact that products that do not comply cannot be marked legally in the EC, more disruptive manifestations may exist that could affect the very manner in which we lead our lives. These encompass health and safety issues, the security of data processing and the functioning of vital electronic equipment. ABS brake systems, engine management systems, telecommunications and data transfer plus the security of both commercial and military data could all be readily compromised without adequate screening.

Other issues such as the dangers to health due to the emissions from mobile telephones and computer monitors plus ongoing research into the effects of living in close proximity to high voltage overhead power lines, all form part of the global concept of EMC. Some aspects can be easily controlled but others will continue to remain unresolved for years to come. The doomsday scenario of EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse) resulting from a high altitude nuclear explosion would certainly lead to the almost total loss of commercial communications and data processing plus much of the non-hardened military network, whilst at the same time avoiding the mass destruction of the infrastructure necessary for future use, possibly by the instigator of the blast.

In other words, potential chaos with no communications, services, power, media such as TV or radio and the loss of many forms of transport.

What are the main sources of EMI problems?

In all cases there has to be a source and a victim for a path to exist thereby permitting a radiated or conducted coupling. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI), results from the operation of electrical or electronic devices involving rapidly changing voltage or current levels, which cause the generation of electromagnetic energy at discrete frequencies and over frequency bands.

Discounting natural sources such as atmospherics or lightning, conduction and radiation emitting sources include:


  • Radar and communications transmitters
  • Receiver local oscillators
  • Computers and their peripherals
  • Motors and switches
  • Power lines
  • Fluorescent lights
  • Arc welders and many more

What is radio frequency interference?

Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) is considered as part of the EMI spectrum, with interference signals being within the radio frequency (RF) range. This term was once used interchangeably with EMI. Conducted RFI is most often found in the low frequency range of several kHz to 30MHz. Radiated RFI is most often found in the frequency range from 30MHz to 10GHz.

What is the difference between RF and magnetic shielding?

Radio frequency (RF) shielding is required when it is necessary to block high frequency – 100kHz and above – interference fields. These shields typically use copper, aluminium, galvanised steel, or conductive rubber, plastic or paints. These materials work at high frequencies by means of their high conductivity, and little or no magnetic permeability. Magnetic shields use their high permeability to attract magnetic fields and divert the magnetic energy through themselves. With proper construction, magnetic shielding alloys have the ability to function as broadband shields, shielding both RF and magnetic interference fields.

What do I have to consider when deciding the correct type of gasket?

Very often, the design of the equipment enclosure will dramatically limit the choice of gasket materials. Some enclosures are lightweight aluminium or even plastic with very little potential for withstanding distortion during compression of the EMI shielding gasket. Normally, the more robust the enclosure is the wider the range of materials that can be employed for gasketing. Similarly, wide and well reinforced flanges permit higher compressive forces particularly where limit stops are fitted.

Possibly the most difficult configuration for conventional EMI shielding exists where a ‘knife-edge’ return on a door or cover is to mate with a conductive gasket, in addition to providing an environmental seal to IP55 or higher. If the enclosure can be modified to feature an additional return edge or flat where the knife-edge originally finished, the problem is easily solved but this is not always possible and is usually costly.

Also remember:


  • Mating surfaces must be clean, flat, smooth and conductive (no paint, preservative, oil or grease should be visible).
  • Ideal fixings are outside the shielded envelope and particular attention should be paid to screws/bolts passing through the enclosure to secure coverplates in position.
  • Avoid gasket materials that are too hard for the type of enclosure.
  • Avoid knife-edges wherever possible.
  • Consider the environment and select gasket materials that are suitable and will not degrade, e.g. fluorosilicone rubber instead of plain silicone where hydrocarbon - - contamination is likely.
  • Consider the operating temperature range.
  • Do not over-engineer the design. The most expensive materials are not always the right ones for the job. Do not under-engineer to save money, this does not work in the long-term.
  • Do not over-specify. 100dB may be comfortable but will 60dB solve the problem?
  • Use standard or ‘catalogue’ products wherever possible.
  • Consider the possibility of Galvanic Corrosion.

Is additional protection available for sensitive components or circuits inside the equipment?

Quite simply, the best route to take is to utilise printed circuit board (PCB) shielding cans. These comprise a board-mounted ‘fence’ with a demountable cover or lid. The cover can be supplied with ventilation holes and cable-entry points if required. The fences can be supplied with several standard pin spacings and with or without stand-offs. Using PCB shielding can considerably reduce radiation and susceptibility problems, thereby making the overall EMI shielding of equipment more cost-effective.



Material data sheets

These documents contain information on the potential hazards (health, fire, reactivity and environmental) and how to work safely with the chemical product.


Application notes

These mini-guides have been designed to help give a quick overview of the product families, their main advantages, usual applications and points to concider during the design stages of a project.


Product catalogues

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